The History of the Illuminati
Weishaupt claims the original Illuminati were "nomadic holy men, mystics and philosophers." One of which met the ancient King Solomon and enlightened him in their ways. Solomon then attempted to create a formal organization known as the Order of Solomon, however this did not survive following Solomon's death. It is claimed that the practices Solomon learned from the proto-Illuminati were misinterpreted by his peers, leading many to believe him a sorcerer. Additionally, in this version of history Soloman is a covert heretic, whose true purpose was to destroy Yahweh. He claims that the Temple in Jerusalem was secretly dedicated to Sophia – the wisdom Goddess who was the primary motivation for Soloman's wish to destroy Yahweh because he saw Yahweh as a God of ignorance. When the Order of Solomon dissolved during the civil strife that followed Israel splitting into two kingdoms, the surviving members fled and settled in Phoenicia. At this point they were disorganized and leaderless.
According to Weishaupt, the Phoenician trader Mnesarchus, who was also the father of Pythagoras traded frequently with the Greek island of Samos. When famine occurred there, Mnesarchus provided corn to those in need and in return they provided him with a house and official citizenship. While on a trip to Delphi he learned that his wife was pregnant and so consulted Apollo's Oracle who prophesied his son would have great wisdom. The child Pythagoras was born on Samos. According to Weishaupt, the proto-Illuminati showed interest in Pythagoras' talents because he had an insatiable desire for knowledge even being the first to label himself a Philosopher – a lover of wisdom. As he matured, he journeyed with his father on trading missions meeting priests and sages in Egypt, Babylonia, Persia, India and China. Pherecydes was the first to introduce Pythagoras to Illuminist teachings especially the immortality and transmigration of the soul.
Weishaupt claims that Pythagoras had a desire to meet the Phosters who were seen as heavenly guides for humanity. There were supposed to be able to grant secret knowledge to those deemed worthy because they were able to view the world in numbers, seeing reality as mathematics. Pythagoras disliked the ruler of Samos Polycrates because of his acts of piracy, tyranny and treachery and so he left and settled in the Greek colony of Croton. It was at Croton that Pythagoras was initiated into the proto-Illuminati.
In the sixth century BCE, Pythagoras succeeded in formalizing the proto-Illuminati into an official organization. This group is often referred to as Pythagoreanism in mainstream scholarship. Pythagoras is celebrated for synthesizing the disparate and mystical teachings of the proto-Illuminati into a coherent philosophy, mathematics, science and religion. Under Pythagoras' leadership, the now fully formed Illuminati set themselves the goal of becoming worthy of the mythical Phosters through their pursuit of knowledge.
The first Illuminists lived in close communes in which wealth and property were held in common. Each degree was assigned its own chores to complete in order to run the commune. All tasks were divided equally among all degrees so as to present the rise of favoritism and privilege. They believed that a society should be based off of the values of justice, freedom, talent, community, the optimisation of each person's potential and the general well being of all people. When the enemies of Pythagoras attacked the Illuminati, executing Pythagoras, survivors from the commune moved their operations to mainland Greece. Even though there are no writings by Pythagoras in mainstream archaeology, Weishaupt claims that the Order possesses a manuscript written by Pythagoras which is accessed by the Ruling Council. For safety the Order remained mobile, changing locations throughout Ancient Greece and eventually through nations conquered by Alexander the Great.
The Philosopher Plato is claimed to have been a First Degree initiate in the Illuminati but who was expelled for his inability to adhere to the Order's secrecy policies. Many of Plato's works, including The Republic are claimed to have been inspired by the teachings of the Pythagorean Illuminati. The structure of the Illuminati Order is said to be reflected in The Republic. For example, Plato's ruling caste The Guardians was based off of the Illuminati Ruling Council and the Philosopher King off of the Illuminati Grand Master.
The Roman brothers Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus are claimed to have been members of the Pythagorean Illuminati. As the first Latin speaking members, they first introduced the Latin name 'Illuminati.' They were influential in the Populares movement which attempted to temper the power of the patricians in Rome. Policies they promoted included Roman citizenship for people living in the provinces, cancellation of extreme debt and the fair and equitable distribution of land and property. They were opposed by the Optimates who promoted traditional conservative Roman senatorial values. They are seen by the modern Pythagorean Illuminati as the basis model for the modern Meritocracy Movement with the Populares being the people who are overthrowing the Optimates – the Capitalist elite, dynastic families and so on. Following the deaths of the Gracchi, the Order wandered throughout the Roman Empire finally settling in Alexandria in Egypt in the 2nd Century CE. This became their permanent headquarters until the death of the Neoplatonic philosopher Hypatia who is claimed to have been their Grand Master.
Following the death of the Gracchi, the Order are claimed to have focused their efforts on creating a religion that was compatible with Illuminism. Their target was Mithraism, a religion favored by the Roman Army. However, it failed to spread far enough to influence Roman politics. Weishaupt claims that St. Paul was a priest of Mithraism who combined it with Messianic Judaism to form modern Christianity. As a result they consider the Mithras project to have been a failure.
During their time in Alexandria, Weishaupt claims that Ammonius Saccas was their Grand Master. He decided to teach a group of "talented outsiders" a basic version of Pythagorean Illuminism in the hopes that they would develop the system into a world changing religion. The system which developed is identified as Neoplatonism.
When the Roman Empire began its decline, the Order relocated to Britain, viewing it as obscure and distant enough from the center of the empire to be safe from Christian extremists who often persecuted the group of philosophers. The teachings of the Pythagorean Illuminati were accepted by the local pagan religions, especially Druidism. Thought their tenure in Britain, Weishaupt claimed that their experiences there became the inspiration for the Arthurian Romances which is claimed to be an Illuminist coded text.
The Pythagorean Illuminati are often referred to by mainstream scholarship as the Bavarian Illuminati due to the actions of German Grand Master Adam Weishaupt who is known for his anti-monarchical views and activism. Although the Pythagorean Illuminati admit that Weishaupt was their Grand Master, and that their headquarters were in Germany for a period, they insist that Weishaupt was not the founder of the organization. The German period for Pythagroean Illuminism ended in 1871 when Bismarck unified the nation, after this they claim the moved to Scotland.